Gout a Very Painful Form of Arthritis
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Gout a Very Painful Form of Arthritis

If gout is not treated, it is possible to suffer worse pain and result in damage to the joint that is effected.

Gout is one form of arthritis that is treatable. However, gout is very painful generally affecting the joints in an individual's feet, knees, hands, ankles and wrists.

It usually occurs suddenly quiet often during the night. The effected joints are generally swollen, hot and very tender. The slightest pressure on the effected area can seem unsufferable.

Although men are most likely to suffer a gout attack, it can also affect women who become more susceptible after the menopause.

The various symptoms of gout:

As stated above symptoms of gout generally occur at night and happen suddenly. They are virtually always severe.

The symptoms generally occur in the large joint of an individual's big toe, however, gout can affect other joints as mentioned above. The pain is generally the sever during the first twelve to twenty-four hors. Discomfort in the effected joint can last a short time of a few days to as long as a few weeks. When attacks of gout occur after the first attack, it is possible for them to last, longer affect other joints.

Another symptom is that the affected joint may be red in the area around the joint and possibly inflamed.

Medical attention should be sought immediately if there is a fever and the joint is inflamed because it is possible there may be an infection in the joint or surrounding area.

If gout is not treated, it is possible to suffer worse pain and result in damage to the joint that is effected.

The main causes of gout:

When a person has intensified levels of uric acid in their blood, it is possible for urate crystals to form and build up in the various joints of their body.

Uric acid is produced when the body gets rid of purine which is substance which can be found naturally in an individual's body. Some foods such as beef, pork, seafood, asparagus and mushrooms contain moderate amounts of purine. Foods that contain high amounts of purine would be anchovies, liver, herring, sardines and game meats.

Generally uric acid dissolves in an individual's blood and goes through the kidneys and into a person's urine. However, sometimes the body produces either more uric acid than normal or the kidneys do not excrete enough of it. When either one of these problems occurs, the uric acid builds up and form’s urate crystals which are like needles that are very sharp. The urate crystals generally form in joints or the tissue around the joint and causes sever pain as well as swelling and inflammation.

The risk factors of having gout:

There are several things that can increase the risk of an individual developing gout.

Such things as an individual's life style such as excessive alcohol.

Sometimes a person may have medical condition such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia or arteriosclerosis.

Some medications like a low dose aspirin or thiazide diuretic which is common for treating hypertension. Anti-rejection medication for anyone who has an organ transplant may also result in high levels of uric acid.

If an individual has a family history of family members having, gout is another risk factor.

The age and sex of an individual can also be a risk factor. Men generally develop gout between 40 and 50 years of age, however, women do not usually develop signs or symptoms until after menopause.

There are a couple of tests that can be performed to check for gout:

A doctor may test for gout by doing what is referred to as a joint fluid test. To so this type of test, the doctor will use a needle to draw fluid from around the effected joint and examine the fluid using a microscope to look for urate crystals.

The other way of testing is done with a blood test. However, blood testing for high levels or uric acid is not very accurate because some people may never suffer from a gout attack but still have a high level of uric acid. Other people may have gout attacks but their uric acid level may not show as being unusual.

The different treatments for gout:

Drugs that may be used to treat gout may include drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), colchicine may be used if an individual cannot take NSAIDs and corticosteroids which can be taken by injection or in the form of a pill.

Some drugs are available that may prevent complications of gout. Those drugs may include such medicines as xanthine oxides inhibitors which can block the production uric acid.

There are also medications that can aid in the removal of uric acid.

It is always best to discuss all available options with a doctor.

Additional resources:

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Comments (7)

Very informative and nicely written article. Thanks for posting this important information...voted

Gout has been thoroughly explained.Very useful. Thanks.

Gout is very painful. It may be hereditary. Thanks for this info. Please write more. Hope to avail your friendship and support.

Very nice article, voted

You have presented this information very clear. Great job.

Thanks for the information about gout and arthritis in general.

I have often heard it is said to be a "rich persons" disease brought about by eating fatty and rich foods.